Maasai Education Poverty HIV/Aids Water FGM HumanRights/ GoodGovernance Cultural Citizenship Gender Issues

 

   AFYA BORA ISSUES

 

 
   The Maasai
The Maasai constitutes one of the largest pastoral groups in East Africa, who for many centuries have greatly depended on livestock production as their main source of livelihood. Surprisingly overtime these people have experienced and became subjected to various pastoral development failures and predicaments, which have forced them to change their traditional livestock management strategies to suit the prevailing situations for survival...
   Education
Formal education in the Maasai-Community is not yet popular as a necessity of life. The actual statistics show that about 90% of the people are illiterate...
  
   Poverty
 
   HIV/Aids

Tanzania has not being spared by the HIV/AIDS/STD epidemic. The country has been highly affected by the epidemic since the first cases were reported in 1983. An estimate at national level suggests HIV prevalence of about 10%. Several studies conducted in the country have provided evidence of devastating effect of HIV/AIDS in the country...

   Water
Maasai Steppe is an arid area, which is deficient in water supplies because of the warm to hot and dry climates. The only semi permanent streams in the area are found in the high rainfall forests of Ngorongoro highlands. Considering the limited existing surface water sources, the Maasai Steppe water demand has to be supplemented by supplies from Sub-surveys sources, mainly boreholes ranging from shallow to medium depths...

   FGM

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is the traditional practice of initiating girls into womanhood. FGM among the Maasai is as high as 99%. FGM is one of the most strongly held tribal customs revered by both men and women among the Maasai people...

 
   Human Rights/Civil Education

Good Governance entails governing by listening to the views of the majority of the people. This means on one hand that people are able to elect and remove representatives. On the other hand it means that marginalized groups of a country like the Maasai will get the chance of articulating their problems and speak up for their rights.

The Constitution can only be of value if people feel they own it and if other branches of government are fair and open to all citizens...

 
   Cultural Citizenship
 
   Gender Issues
Pastoral woman hold formal mechanisms of power therefore development policies, programms and projects should involve them because they have little access to technical and financial inputs, Men often rarely passed extension information they have gained from training their wives...