FUTURE Expectations and Intentions



History has no mercy on anyone who does not go with time. This fact is known for centuries back and is covered by examples of peoples who perished for refusing to adopt changes. The one time powerful empires of Greece, Rome, Egypt and others were lost for good and what remain today of their ever presence are their relics preserved in museums, monuments, unique buildings, churches and written works of historical, lingual, scientific and technological subjects. Even in what is known today as the New World (American Continents), many tribes of the Inca of Peru, etc. have vanished due to their reluctance to adopt themselves into Portuguese life styles of the 15th century.

In the previous topic about the MAA, what is evident is that this community has stuck to its customs and cultures for so much despite that some of the basis for such adherence is no longer valid. A good example is that the whole MAA community was founded on warlike strategy (militaristic society). This was due to the situation prevailing at the time such as:

1. Pastoralism: This required large areas of land to make the occupation successful in term of adequate water and pasture availability, thus allowing a counterbalance of livestock disease etc. Such areas are often obtained by grabbing from the previous occupants.

2. Increasing Wealth: If the whole economy of the tribe is based on livestock keeping, then it is fragile as a herd can be decimated either by disease or drought. In such fates, replacements must be sought from other non-MAA tribes and pastoralists trough rustling or battles.

3. Security: Once the community has settled into an area with their properties including that piece of land, water, pasture, etc., there is a need for fostering security and protection to keep enemies at bay.

4. Safeguarding the customs and cultures: This is a unity by a group that differentiates that group from others. One group may be known as “our group” while other groups are identified as “enemy groups” (protection of self identity leading to ethnocentrism). “Enemy groups” can be attacked; their land, livestock, even their wives and children can be confiscated with the aim of weakening the “enemy group” and building up “our group”.

Since the present conditions are not the same as those in the past era, changes are inevitable to cope with the present needs accordingly.